laboratoire pierre aigrain
électronique et photonique quantiques
laboratoire pierre aigrain

Seminar, January 18th 2016 (conf IV)

Zaki Leghtas (Mines ParisTech / LPA ENS)
Confining the state of light to a quantum manifold by engineered two-photon loss

Physical systems usually exhibit quantum behavior, such as superpositions and entanglement, only when they are sufficiently decoupled from a lossy environment. Paradoxically, a specially engineered interaction with the environment can become a resource for the generation and protection of quantum states. This notion can be generalized to the confinement of a system into a manifold of quantum states, consisting of all coherent superpositions of multiple stable steady states. We have confined the state of a superconducting resonator to the quantum manifold spanned by two coherent states of opposite phases and have observed a Schrödinger cat state spontaneously squeeze out of vacuum before decaying into a classical mixture. This experiment points toward robustly encoding quantum information in multidimensional steady-state manifolds.